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On 8 April 2020 the Vietnamese government published Decree No. 42/2020/ND-CP, Stipulating the List of Dangerous Goods and the Requirements for Transportation of Such Goods on the Road and Inland Waterways.
Once effective, this decree will replace the two current regulations governing the transport of dangerous goods (i.e., Decree No. 29/2005/ND-CP, On the List of Dangerous Goods and the Transport of Dangerous Goods on Inland Waterways and Decree No. 104/2009/ND-CP, Providing for the List of Dangerous Goods and the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road Motor Vehicles).
The new decree will come into force as of 1 June 2020.
Verisk 3E Review
Decree No. 42/2020/ND-CP (the Decree) regulates the transportation of dangerous goods in Vietnam. It applies to local and foreign organizations and individuals engaged in the transport of dangerous goods by road or inland waterways in Vietnam's territory.
Appendix I contains the List of Dangerous Goods, consisting of 2,921 entries. This list adopted the Eighteenth Revision (2013) of the United Nation's Dangerous Goods List, with variations of its own. Vietnam's list is simpler, with fewer entries (2,921 vs 3,526 entries) and has a simpler table structure. The new list incorporates the following information:
- Column 1: Vietnam dangerous goods number
- Column 2: Vietnamese and English names of the entry
- Column 3: UN number
- Column 4: Class or division
- Column 5: Marks, symbols
- Column 6: Hazard identification number
When compared to the list currently used under Decree No.104/2009/ND-CP, the updated list under Decree No. 42/2020/ND-CP contains about 1,100 more entries. The structure of the table was also modified slightly with regard to the addition of English names and marks and symbols. The requirements for the hazard identification number and for marks and symbols are detailed in Appendix II and Appendix III, respectively. These two appendices fully adopt those prescribed in the Eighteenth Revision (2013) of the United Nation's Dangerous Good List.
In addition to the requirements, transporting dangerous goods requires permits from different Vietnamese authorities, depending on the class of the goods. Regulation 4 of the Decree similarly adopts the UN's nine classifications of goods and substances.
Verisk 3E Analysis
To ensure compliance with the new Decree, companies operating in the chemical industry should check if their chemicals are included in the list of dangerous goods. In addition, pursuant to the Ministry of Industry and Trade Circular No. 32/2017/TT-BCT, dated 28 December 2017, Guidance on the Preparation of Safety Data Sheets, the transport information for chemical substances is among the information required to be included in the Vietnamese Safety Data Sheet (SDS).